Great Lives from History: Scientists and Science, Second Edition includes coverage of nearly 370 biographies covering individual scientists and their contributions to science. Each essay has been written or revised specifically for this set, including 17 new entries; biographies represent a strong, global, cross-gender focus, and each biography offers a sidebar focusing on a significant breakthrough or endeavor.
This second edition of Great Lives from History: Scientists & Science highlights nearly 400 of the greatest scientists in history, from Aristotle and the field of formal logic to Shinya Yamanaka and stem cell research. Last published in 2012, this new edition adds 10 years of scientific achievement, to profile individuals who made life-changing discoveries in nearly 90 categories, including acoustics, anatomy, astrophysics, bacteriology, biochemistry, climatology, conservation biology, genetics, information theory, logic, nuclear physics, oceanography, oncology, quantum mechanics, relativity, thermodynamics, and virology. With all entries reviewed, many updated, and the addition of many new scientists, this three-volume set includes current discussions on recent scientific discoveries in evolutionary biology, quantum theory and quantum chemistry, HIV and cancer treatments, immunology, MRI technology, neurodegeneration and more. Scientists whose profiles have been added to his new edition include:
Each essay is approximately 2,000 words in length and displays standard reference top matter offering easy access to biographical information: the name of which the subject is best known, a succinct description of each person’s nationality and occupation, a synopsis of the individual’s historical importance in relation to the scientific disciplines, indicating why the person is studied today, the most complete dates of birth and death with precise locations of those events, the individual’s alternative identification, including birth names, alternative spellings, pseudonyms, and nicknames, and areas of achievement which includes primary field and specialty, with which the subject is often most closely identified.
Each essay concludes with a byline of the contributing writer-scholar. The body of each essay is divided into the following three parts:
- Early Life provides facts about the individual’s upbringing and the environment in which the person was reared. Where little is known about the person’s early life, historical context is provided.
- Life’s Work, the heart of the essay, consists of a straightforward, generally chronological account of how the individual gained recognition in his or her chosen scientific field, emphasizing the most significant achievements in the figure’s life and career.
- Impact provides an overview of the long-range importance of the individual’s accomplishments and endeavors in the fields of science. This section sums up why it is important to study this individual.
Appendixes in Great Lives from History: Scientists and Science, Second Edition include a chronological list of entries, a timeline of milestones in the major sciences, electronic resources, awards list given of significant awards within the fields of science, a bibliography, and a biographical directory of scientists. Indexes finish off the work and are divided as such: Category Index, Discoveries and Achievements Index, Geographical Index, and Subject Index.
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